Dog Health Issues Glossary

A - E D - J K - O P - U V - Z

Dog Health Issues Glossary

A - E


Anything from allergies to hormonal changes can be the cause of alopecia. In the majority of cases the problem is not so severe and can be easily corrected with proper medication.


Arthritis in dogs is just like arthritis in people and typically your vet will use the same sort of treatment strategy for your dog that doctors do with people who have been diagnosed with arthritis. Despite these similarities, many people seem to think that if they have arthritis, and if their dog also has arthritis, it is okay to feed their dog human medication.


Bloat is the common name for gastric dilatation and volvulus, or GDV. It's often fatal, and happens more often to large dogs. The stomach fills with gas and distends, which is called dilatation. It then twists into an abnormal position (volvulus). This twisting pinches the esophagus and small intestine openings, which traps food and gas in the stomach.

Twisted blood vessels and the enlarging stomach hamper the blood flow, causing the dog to go into shock. Left untreated, the dog will die from shock or a ruptured stomach.

Canine Adenovirus

Canine Adenovirus is capable of adapting quickly to its conditions. It can live out of a host for months on ends and has immunity to lipid solvents.

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Dog Health Issues Glossary

D - J


Fleas are considered parasites as they live off the blood of mammals and birds. These wingless parasites are amazing at jumping on to their hosts.


is a serious health problem for dogs, as they typically do not brush their teeth as often as people do. The American Veterinary Dental Society has conducted research on the matter and they found that roughly 80% of dogs have a certain form of gum or dental disease when they reach three years old.

Heart Disease Symptoms

Did you know that your puppy has a 15% chance of developing heart disease sometime in his life? Learn the symptoms of heart disease in dogs so that you can get immediate veterinarian help. This article goes over the various symptoms of heart disease in depth so that you can start out with a basic working knowledge if your dog requires treatment.


When this is present it is commonly found with an infected ear. The infection doesn't cause this itself, but it is the dog that scratches his ear to try and relive the itchiness inside that causes it.

Hot Spots

Hot spots are the common name for acute moist dermatitis or pyotraumatic dermatitis. Hot spots are hairless spots on the dog's body that are red and oozing. They seem to pop up on the skin overnight.

Hot Spots usually start with an allergic reaction or other condition. The resulting severe itch or irritation starts the dog licking it constantly, until he licks it raw.

Common causes are allergic reactions to flea bites or other bites, other allergic reactions, skin parasites, chemical irritants, and skin infections.


Dogs are no exception to Jaundice and all types of breeds can get it. There isn't a breed that is more likely to obtain jaundice. The dog's skin will start to appear yellow just like their human counterparts. However, since fur is typically in the way, most dog owners can recognize jaundice by observing the whites of the dogs eyes.

Kidney Disease Symptoms

Acute kidney disease and chronic kidney disease often have very different symptoms, and understanding the difference can save your dog's life. This article goes over the various symptoms associated with kidney disease in dogs. There's no better weapon against dog diseases than the right information.

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Dog Health Issues Glossary

K - O

Lyme Disease

The best way to prevent your dog from getting Lyme disease is to use medication that wards off or kills ticks. Ticks Are known to carry other blood-transmitted diseases, such as enrlichiosis, anaplasmosis, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, so it is important that you are alert whenever you see a tick.

Myasthenia Gravis

Myasthenia Gravis is weakness caused by signals from the brain not getting through to the nerve receptors in the muscles. There are two forms of this disease.

The inherited form is a problem with either too few receptors in the muscles, or malformed receptors. The symptoms are muscle weakness and regurgitation due to the esophagus not working properly.

The other form of MG develops later in life, when the immune system starts to attack the nerve receptors in the muscles. Symptoms include leg weakness that worsens with activity and then improves with rest and/or a short, stiff gait. Weak facial muscles and megaesophagus are sometimes seen as well.

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Dog Health Issues Glossary

P - U

Swimmer Puppies

Can happen to just a couple of puppies in the liter to the entire bunch. Those who are not breeders will probably recognize the symptoms around the second or third week of age .


The American dog tick, also known as Dermacentor variabilis, is one of the better known hard ticks. These are more common on dogs and are not known to carry Lyme Disease. They do carry a disease called Rocky Mountain spotted fever that can affect both dogs and humans.

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Dog Health Issues Glossary

V - Z

Urinary Incontinence

is where the dog is unable to hold his or her urine. There are several possible reasons as to why this happens. There could be problems with the bladder itself, the urethra, or diseases related to the spinal cord that helps control bladder function.

Vascular Ring Anomaly

Is a series of blood vessels that surround the esophagus and constrict it, causing regurgitation problems. Seen most often in German Shepherds and Irish Setters. Treatment includes surgery to remove the unnecessary, abnormal blood vessels.

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Dog Health Issues Glossary

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