Dogs and eye problems are starting to become a popular concern amongst dogs owners, perhaps because for some unsettling reason many people aren't fully aware of hereditary eye diseases in dogs, and many dog breeders have continued to breed lines that have a higher susceptibility to hereditary eye disease.
Most of the time they do this by not differentiating which animals are appropriate for reproduction and which are not. Fortunately, a lot more breeders are starting to realize how these eye problems in dogs start.
It is vital that all breeding projects have the correct control of dogs and eye problems to prevent those problems from affecting more and more animals.
Significant upgrades have been achieved by new campaigns; however, there still remains a lot of work to do in the quest to ensure the best prevention when it comes to dogs and eye problems.
If you have a canine with a dog eye problem here are something's you should know.
Some of the most frequent dog eye problems are cataracts, glaucoma, and hemeralopia. It is essential to emphasize the responsibility we all have as pet owners to put a strong effort towards ensuring the health and welfare of animals and the future generations they may procreate.
Most of these cases are genetic; in early stages cataracts affect the crystalline lens, and they are already present from birth.
However, only a percentage of these congenital cataracts progress, causing vision decrease and severe ocular complications that include glaucoma, uveitis, or even retinal detachment.
These possible complications and evolution of the disease will usually show signs within six months to a year of age, as it is rare to find complications in older dogs. The cataracts are most often detected within the first months of the dog’s life.
Glaucoma is a vision detriment due to high levels of pressure inside the eye. It has also been associated with genetic causes, caused by alterations that influence difficulty to evacuate the aqueous humour, which causes an increase in pressure in the area.
It is possible to encounter this type of glaucoma at any age; nevertheless it is more frequent within the first two years. The trigger of the evolution of the glaucoma may be a uveitis or trauma, as well as other situations such as a dog eye infection or thrombosis.
The most commonly accepted main cause is the anatomical alteration of the drain angle, which keeps the intraocular pressure in a non-steady balance. Usually an eye exam in the first few months of age is able to determine the presence of these anomalies.
Hemeralopia is a condition described as daily blindness, due to an abnormal development of the retina cones. This is another genetic condition most frequently seen in the Alaskan Malamute.
The most worrying aspect of these affections is the amount of dogs that have them and the possibility of spreading the diseases with their reproduction. Dog first aid is key to be prepared on how to manage these conditions in dogs.