Alopecia In Dogs

Canine alopecia is a very common condition for which there can be many causes.

A lot of times dog owners come across large tufts of dog hair in their house but it may take quite a long time for the owner to understand the complexity of the issue.

Owners do not even notice the problem until their dog has lost quite a lot of hair and their coat has become considerably thin. Anything from allergies to hormonal changes can be the cause of alopecia.

In the majority of cases the problem is not so severe and can be easily corrected with proper medication. But at times it can be the symptom of fatal dog diseases.

If the hair loss in on both sides then it is a possibility of hormone problem, loss of hair patches may be the result of allergies.

These are a few common indicators with regard to alopecia in dogs.

  • One of the common reasons is because of an allergy as mentioned above, if you notice your dog scratching a lot with loss of hair in random patches then the loss of hair is bound to be because of allergies.

Common things that cause allergies in dogs include antibiotics applied on skin, nickel, rubber, wool, chemical dyes, plastic and carpet sprays.

The best way to cure this is by removing the substance that is causing the allergy. If not done so increased allergy may even lead to the development of tiny blisters and bumps.

  • Atopy is another form of allergic reaction where the dog may be having problems due to the inhalation of pollen, house mites and mold. This malady also causes severe alopecia in dogs and is usually accompanied by infection and hot spots.
  • Callus is another common condition where large dogs lose hair because of immense pressure being applied to the body of the animal.

Thick hairless raised areas on joints like elbows are the reason for this type of hair loss.

Providing a softer mattress or comfortable bedding will help in relieving this problem.

  • Cushing’s disease is another major reason for alopecia in dogs. In this condition the hormone levels are increasingly high in the animal and it normally affects the dog at an older age.

Caused either by a benign tumor in the pituitary gland or the adrenal gland, this disease then spreads to the entire body.

It will lead to a situation of hair loss throughout the body except the head and extremities. Another hormone related problem is that of hypothyroidism where hair loss occurs due to the less production of thyroid hormone in the body.

  • Mites like demodex and sarcoptes can also be responsible for hair loss in dogs the symptoms of this include hair loss along with dark scaly skin that is filled with red pustules.

 Similarly fleas may also be responsible for alopecia in dogs, some breeds are extremely sensitive to fleas and can loose a lot of hair because of their presence.

  • Microorganisms like staph bacteria can also at times be responsible for alopecia. These bacteria cause an infection on the stomach where there is little hair or it is effects dogs, which have a short coat. This condition is also known as folliculitis.

Along with these there are many other reasons for a dog to lose hair. Some times even stress can cause this problem.

It is always best to visit your veterinarian if you notice any dog health problems.

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