There are a lot of different causes of kennel cough that you should be aware of if you are planning to use preventative treatment techniques.
Kennel cough is the broad term used to describe most cases of respiratory infection, which can be caused by any number of bacteria or virus, although the most common bacteria is Bordetella bronchiseptica.
In fact, this bacteria cause so many cases of kennel cough that most vets will use the two terms interchangeably.
The reason the bordetella bacteria is so dangerous is that most of the time an infection by this bacteria will leave the dog open to a viral infection at the same time.
The reverse is also true; sometimes when a certain virus is present he will be more susceptible to getting infected by the Bordatella bacteria. Some of the viruses that can make this happen are the Para influenza virus, canine distemper virus, canine reovirus, canine adenovirus, and canine herpes virus.
If your dog has been diagnosed with any of these viruses, you have to be especially careful to make sure he doesn't contract a bacterial infection as well, since this combination is one of the main causes of kennel cough.
A dog will get kennel cough when the virus or bacteria enters his body through is respiratory tract, which are normally well protected by a thick coat of mucus.
In some cases, such as a weak immune system or prolonged exposure to the virus, the mucus coat won't be adequate to protect your dog from disease, either because there isn't enough mucus or he isn't producing it fast enough.
Interestingly enough, many of the exterior causes of kennel virus are the same ones that cause colds in human beings.
These may include a prolonged stay in cramped areas that don't have adequate ventilation (such as boarding kennels), extremely cold temperatures, and stress from traveling, or exposure to too much cigarette smoke or dust.
Of all of these, the most common is staying in a kennel where another dog is already infected. The crowded environment and lack of proper ventilation make these areas a virtual breeding ground for all types of infections and diseases. It's important to keep some immune boosting supplements in your dog first aid kit to strengthen your dog's immune system before any stay at a kennel.
Kennel cough comes with a variety of symptoms, and most of them are recognizable from day one.
The most common kennel cough symptoms, which is how kennel cough got its name, is a forceful, hacking cough that persists for days or weeks at a time. A lot of dogs will cough normally, but kennel cough is very distinct from that type of sneezing sound.
Other symptoms of kennel cough include frequent sneezing, dog eye discharge, or a runny nose, and you'll probably see a decrease in energy and appetite as well.Just like you, a virus makes them achy and sore, but they can't tell you.
The best way to prevent this is to address the causes of kennel cough.