Common Dog Eye Problems; Do You Know What They Are?

Most Common Dog Eye Problems can be taken care of by knowing your dog and being prepared.

Proper eye care is an important part of taking care of your pet. It's easy, doesn't take much time, and there is very little up-front investment.

Somethings you should do are:

  • Trim hair away from eyes. Scratches to the cornea (the clear membrane across the surface of the eye) can result from contact with hair. Use only a blunt-nosed scissors, cutting parallel to the edge of the eyelid.
  • Keep eyes clear of mucus at all times. Infections of the eyes are often caused by bacteria that overgrow on mucus. Use sterile eyewash, to keep the area around your dog's eye clean.
  • Clean unsightly tear stains using a liquid tear stain remover or treated pad. Show Eyes Solution, 4 oz. and Show Eyes Pads are the same formula; choose the form that works best for you).
  • When in the car, roll up the window part way. Dogs that are to ride with their heads out the window often get foreign particles lodged in their eyes which can lead to infections.
  • Keep red, dry eyes moist with eye drops. Allergies can dry out eyes and make them red. A sterile, buffered, eyewash such as Eye Wash Irrigating Solution - 4 Oz lubricates eyes and brings relief. Also use these drops to help wash away dust particles in the eye.
  • Apply Protective Ophthalmic Ointment under the top eyelid before you bathe your pet or treat his head with insecticides. This sterile, petroleum-based product protects sensitive eyes from irritating and potentially harmful chemicals and detergents found in many soaps and shampoos.

The following are some common other Dog Eye Problems:


As with humans, dog cataracts is usually genetic and causes the clear lens behind the pupil to become cloudy or white. The dog’s vision will worsen over time to the point of blindness.

Corneal ulcers

Corneal ulcers. Jeez – sounds pretty scary, huh? It’s not as bad as it sounds or often looks, and, although bacteria can complicate the problem, dogs usually experience a full recovery. Corneal ulcers are simply more complex dog eye injuries and are usually caused by a cat scratch, thorn or other foreign object.

Inflammation (infection)

If your dog’s eye or the area around the eye becomes inflamed, it is usually a sign of infection. The best method for treatment is to clean it thoroughly and use an eye drop for dog formula.

In-growing Eyelids

In-growing eyelids are a dog eye problem that can be hereditary or the result of continuous inflammation. With this condition, the eyelids turn in and press the eyelashes against their eye. The rubbing can cause a large (and sometimes white) ulcer.


Dogs will be dogs, which sometimes includes sticking their noses in places better avoided. Dog eye problems are sometimes the consequence and come in many forms like scratches, cuts or bruising of the eyeball.

Dog Pink Eye

There is a huge misconception that pink eye or conjunctivitis is red eyes, but there could be nothing further from the truth. Conjunctivitis may be one of the symptoms of red eyes, but that is all it is; it is not red eyes.

Keratocon junctivitis sicca or dry eye

Is caused by a breakdown in the tear film that protects the cornea. When this film breaks down, the cornea is deprived of the nourishment it needs to remain healthy and deterioration begins. Brown coloration, scar tissue, ulcers, and blood vessel growth can then develop and interfere with eyesight.

A dog with dry eye is a dog whose eyes sting constantly. The lack of tears also contributes to the increase in mucous in the eye, resulting in a greenish discharge that adheres to the hairs near the eye. The canine eye discharge can be cleared up with medication, but if dry eye is the cause, it returns when the dosing ceases.

You should also read about Cherry Eye in Dogs

Because your pet's eyes are so important, visit your vet if you suspect any type of dog eye infection or dog eye problem.

You should also read the following for more information about your dogs eyes.

You might like these

  • Dog Symptoms of Illness and Injury

    The sooner you can provide the right first aid for an illness or injury, the better the chance of survival. Know your dog symptoms of illness and injury and improve his chances.

  • Dog Ear Mites Infection

    Ear mites are eight legged little bugs that reside by the thousands, inside the ear canals.

  • Urinary Incontinence Information

    Urinary Incontinence is where the dog is unable to hold his or her urine. There are several possible reasons as to why this happens.