Eye surgery for dogs is an important topic to be educated on, due to the frequency at which eye-related problems tend to affect pets.
Obviously, eye surgery isn't always necessary just because a dog is suffering from an eye condition — the vast majority of the problems that might affect a dog's eyes can be rectified with some simple, painless dog first aid treatment.
For example, most eye infections in dogs can be fixed up in a snap. Eye infections are the most common dog eye problem that dogs have, and treating them can usually be done by giving them cleansing eye drops for dogs and artificial tears to kill whatever bacteria are causing the problem.
However, in some cases, more extreme measures must be taken to protect your dog's eyes. Sometimes, surgery is really the only way.
For an example of when eye surgery for dogs might be a necessity, look at cataracts. Humans aren't the only ones that get them. A cataract is when the transparent lens of the eye becomes clouded over. Cloudy eyes in dogs are usually a milky white or bluish color.
In their earliest stages, cataracts don't pose a very big threat to a dog's eyesight. They hinder vision a bit, and may affect the animal's ability to perceive certain colors. However, absolute blindness isn't an issue. Yet, just like many other dog health problems, things only get worse when a cataract is left alone for too long.
In both humans and dogs, a cataract left untreated will only get more severe. After a certain point, there is a chance that blindness will occur. If you notice an unusual hazy film over your dog's eye, see about getting treatment as soon as you can.
It's worth noting that eye surgery for dogs isn't always necessary just because the eye looks a bit fuzzy. There's a harmless condition that affects some dogs as they age, fogging up the lens a bit. To the untrained eye, this can look just like a cataract. Make sure your dog actually has a genuine eye condition before assuming you need to turn to surgery.
Unlike cataract surgery in humans, cataracts in dogs can't be dealt with in a way that makes vision go back to normal.
It can certainly be improved, yes, but unfortunately the results won't be perfect. Eye surgery in people still hasn't been perfected, so it's no surprise that there are a few flaws in eye surgery for dogs too. Still, it's better to have slightly bad vision than to live under the threat of blindness.
Cataract surgery in dogs is somewhat similar to the procedure done on humans; the problematic lens of the eye is simply cut out and removed. By getting rid of the foggy lens, light has an easier time passing through to the retinas.
Once the cataract is gone, there's no further risk of the dog getting another one in the same eye, so the owner can rest easy once the process is over.
Cherry eye is a condition that is easily treated with surgery. Some breeds of dogs tend to have this situation, such as breeds with bugged out eyes especially. It's not life threatening, or hard to fix, so contact your vet as soon as possible to get it rectified.