Information About
Your Dogs Eyes

It's important to protect your dogs eyes; dogs are just as susceptible to eye diseases as humans are and even get some of the same issues.

If you're a pet owner or are thinking about adopting a dog into your family, then it's very important that you learn about Dog First Aid and educate yourself on how to properly treat Dog Health conditions — or, more ideally, learn to recognize the symptoms and causes so you can prevent them before they even have a chance to occur.

You do that, and your dog is looking at a happy and healthy life with you. One of the most common eye problems in dogs that could potentially affect your dogs eyes are corneal ulcers. These aren't necessarily as terrifying as they might sound, though, so don't panic just yet.

While corneal ulcers can potentially spell serious problems for a dog's eyes if left untreated for too long, most can be remedied quickly after a visit to your veterinarian.

Corneal ulcers start when the outermost layer of the cornea (the transparent membrane of the eye) is damaged.

The cornea is the only part of the body that possesses transparent cells, and instead of being nourished by blood; the corneal tissue is protected and kept healthy by the tears. However, since the cornea is located on the very outside of the eye, which is already one of the most sensitive organs in the body, the tissue there is subject to various forms of damage.

Often, the ulcers are the result of foreign objects entering the eye, scratching up the surface. However, some doctors say that the leading cause of corneal ulcers in your dog's eyes is probably excessive dry eye in dogs rather than scraping.

Corneal ulcers in dogs' eyes can be either shallow or deep, and the treatment administered usually depends largely on the severity of the injury, as well as how long the dog has had it.

There are a number of symptoms that can be used to determine whether your dog's eyes might be afflicted with corneal ulceration.

  • Excessive squinting and teary eyes. The eye has a natural reflex (called blepharospasm) that causes it to squint and tear up when it becomes irritated or pained. A dog with a corneal ulcer might have constantly watery eyes as a result of the injury.
  • Dog eye discharge of mucus and pus in the corner of the eye. When the ulcer irritates the dog's eye, it may start to rub at it in an attempt to ease the pain. However, this kind of stimulation will only make the ulcer more severe. As a result of the scratching, pus and mucus may begin to gather in the corner of the eye, and the vessels of the sclera will become engorged with blood as well.
  • Cloudiness of the corneal tissue. The ulceration often causes large corneal lesions to swell up with fluid, turning the tissue white and hazy.

In the most minor cases, corneal ulcers can often be treated by the administrations of Eye Drops For Dogs to re-nourish the corneal membrane.

Ointments and antibiotics are often used in more serious cases, with eye surgery for dogs being a last resort if the other methods fail.

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